Common symptoms and causes of Poliomyelitis and Post-polio syndrome:
Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that affects the nerve and causes partial or full paralysis of the muscles. It is caused by a poliovirus that enters through the mouth and nose and travels to the intestinal system and later absorbed in the blood.
Common causes of Poliomyelitis:
- Sore throat in the absence of upper respiratory infection.
- Back and neck pain/stiffness.
- Muscle tenderness and spasms.
- Weakness of one side of the body usually legs.
- Sudden paralysis.
Common symptoms of Post-polio syndrome:
- Continuing muscle and joint weakness.
- Muscle pain that gets worse.
- Exhaustion and fatigue.
- Muscle wasting and atrophy.
- Easily cold.
- Trouble breathing and swallowing.
- New onset of weakness in previously uninvolved muscles.
How can physiotherapy and rehabilitation help Poliomyelitis and Post-polio syndrome?
Physiotherapist plays an important role in rehabilitation for patients with Poliomyelitis and Post-polio syndrome.
Treatment focuses on:
- Range of Motion Exercises.
- Stretching and strengthening exercise balance with rest and activity.
- Splinting to prevent joint ankylosis.
- Chest Physiotherapy to prevent any pulmonary complications.
- Patient education to prevent secondary complications.