Poliomyelitis

Common symptoms and causes of Poliomyelitis and Post-polio syndrome:

Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that affects the nerve and causes partial or full paralysis of the muscles. It is caused by a poliovirus that enters through the mouth and nose and travels to the intestinal system and later absorbed in the blood.

Common causes of Poliomyelitis:

  • Fever.
  • Sore throat in the absence of upper respiratory infection.
  • Headache.
  • Vomiting.
  • Fatigue.
  • Back and neck pain/stiffness.
  • Muscle tenderness and spasms.
  • Weakness of one side of the body usually legs.
  • Sudden paralysis.
  • Deformity.

Common symptoms of Post-polio syndrome:

  • Continuing muscle and joint weakness.
  • Muscle pain that gets worse.
  • Exhaustion and fatigue.
  • Muscle wasting and atrophy.
  • Easily cold.
  • Trouble breathing and swallowing.
  • New onset of weakness in previously uninvolved muscles.

How can physiotherapy and rehabilitation help Poliomyelitis and Post-polio syndrome?

Physiotherapist plays an important role in rehabilitation for patients with Poliomyelitis and Post-polio syndrome.
Treatment focuses on:

  • Range of Motion Exercises.
  • Stretching and strengthening exercise balance with rest and activity.
  • Splinting to prevent joint ankylosis.
  • Chest Physiotherapy to prevent any pulmonary complications.
  • Patient education to prevent secondary complications.